Quick Buy Guide For PC Monitor Panel Types

A quick overview of monitor panel type pros and cons.

 

  I hope this quick guide can be useful for anyone looking for a new monitor but has specific needs.

 

PANEL TYPES

 

 TN-  (Twisted Nematic)

Pros

  1. Price.
  2. Excellent response times. The lowest it gets.
  3. Top choice for high-speed games.
  4. Plenty of decent options.
  5. The most common panel on the market
  6. High refresh rates

  

Cons

  1. Color reproduction
  2. Contrast ratio is average and not very good for dark scenes.
  3. Viewing angles are almost non-existent

 

 

 IPS- (In Plane Switching) 

(S-IPS)– Also known as Super-IPS. Better contrast ratios than the original IPS panel. More expensive.

(H-IPS)– Being the newest and most expensive variation. Again better contrast and a small variation of S-IPS.

 

Pros

  1. Vivid and usually excellent color reproduction.
  2. Viewing angles up to 178 degrees.
  3. Top models can have high refresh rates.
  4. 8 to 10-bit panels available.

 

Cons

  1. Response times are still average.
  2. Not recommended for high-speed gaming unless you get one of the few models specifically for gamers (Usually the most expensive).
  3. Quite a few panels still exhibit light bleed (light coming from the screens edges).
  4. Contrast ratio though better than TN can exhibit different hues. Not quite as deep blacks as VA panels but darker than TN panels
  5. Ghosting still an issue with most average IPS panels.
  6. Top performing models are pricey

 

 

  VA Panel (Vertical Alignment)

  (S-PVA) Super- Patterned Vertical Alignment. A slight upgrade from regular VA with MagicSpeed (overdrive).

  (MVA)– The newest of the VA panels.

 

Pros

  1. Generally better contrast ratios than both IPS and TN.
  2. Blacks are inkier.
  3. Fairly good color reproduction. Above TN but a bit lower than IPS.
  4. No light bleed.
  5. 8 to 10-bit color panels available (10-bit not available for MVA currently)

 

Cons

  1. Usually worse response times than both IPS and TN panels. (Outside of the maybe 3 very spendy gaming versions)
  2. Viewing angles are decent but not up to par with IPS.
  3. Possible gamma shifting. (can make colors look washed out)
  4. Possible input lag on the non-gaming version monitors.
  5. Top performing models are pricey.
  6. Low refresh rates outside of top models such as the Acer Predators.

 

 

Note: Each panel type under various manufacturers can create a large variance to any of the pros and cons stated here.

 

And that’s the gist without getting too into detail. Hope it can help you make your decision!

 

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Cody

Being a techie all of my life, nearly all of my off and on time is spent working on and with computers.

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